Education

The human eye is an amazing organ that when functioning properly allows you to enjoy one of life’s greatest gifts: vision.

ANATOMY

Eye Oblique

Cornea
The clear window on the front of the eye.

Lens
Part of the eye that helps focus the images that are seen.

Retina
The back lining of the eye. The retina receives images and sends them to the brain.

Macula
The part of the retina that is responsible for detailed central vision.

Optic nerve
Essentially the cable that connects the eye to the brain.

COMMON EYE DISEASES

Dry eyes – Although it doesn’t sound like much, dry eyes can actually cause a lot of problems. It can make your eyes irritated and even decrease your vision. Treatment of dry eyes can include artificial tears, nutrition, and medications or treatments your eye doctor may perform.

Cataracts – A cataract forms when the natural lens inside the eye becomes cloudy. While this usually occurs with age, a cataract can also form from certain medications, trauma, and for other reasons. Luckily, cataract surgery is usually a quick procedure with a high success rate.

Glaucoma – Glaucoma occurs when the eye pressure causes damage to the optic nerve. With time, this can lead to peripheral vision loss and, in severe cases, central vision loss. Glaucoma is often termed the “silent thief” because changes occur so slowly that most people don’t realize their vision is changing. This is one of the reasons why regular eye examinations are extremely important.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration – In macular degeneration, the central portion of the retina (the macula) deteriorates. Unlike glaucoma that starts affecting the peripheral vision, macular degeneration affects the central vision. There are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. The macular often contains yellow deposits called drusen in the dry kind and abnormal blood vessels in the wet kind. Dry macular degeneration is much more common than wet, but the wet variant accounts for more cases of legal blindness.

TIPS FOR HEALTHY EYES

1) Get regular eye examinations – The most important thing you can do for your eyes is to get regular examinations. This is especially important because many eye diseases don’t show symptoms until very advanced. A comprehensive eye examination should include at least a vision check, eye pressure measurement, and a dilated retinal examination. Talk to your doctor about how often you should get your eyes examined.

2) Get regular medical evaluations – Your eyes are an integral part of your body. Maintaining good overall health is a key component to an ocular health regimen.

3) Don’t smoke – Smoking greatly increases your risk of developing macular degeneration and many other diseases. If you smoke, stop doing so immediately. Also avoid second-hand smoke. Note that if you are currently or previously a smoker, it is recommended to avoid beta-carotene (a source of vitamin A). Since beta-carotene is found in some dietary supplements, be sure to carefully read the ingredients and discuss with your doctor before taking any supplements. Please note that LuxVite Naturals Vision Protect is free of beta-carotene.

4) Exercise regularly – Regular exercise is an essential part of maintaining a healthy body and eyes.

5) Eat a healthy diet rich in green, leafy vegetables – the nutrients in healthy foods such as green leafy vegetables are key for ocular and general health.

6) Take a break – most of us spend countless hours staring at screens. Remember to take regular breaks to both relieve your eyes and move your body around.

7) Consider an ocular dietary supplement – It is nearly impossible to get all of the nutrients your eyes need in your diet. A vision-focused dietary supplement such as LuxVite Naturals Vision Protect may be an important part of your eye health regimen. Talk to your doctor about whether you should take a supplement for your vision.

These tips are just part of the things you can do to support visual health. Always talk to your doctor before beginning any exercise regimen or taking any supplements.

By Marc Ellman, MD